If the UK is not positioned to exploit potential links with emerging leaders - of which China is the strongest - it will face significant opportunity costs.
Indicators of innovation can be hard to pin down, but joint publishing, citation data and S&T funding contribute to a more robust picture of UK science and engineering research collaboration. This report draws data from Thomson Scientific, which regularly indexes 8,500 journals worldwide.
The report finds that the quality of China's research is increasing all the time, and from 1995-2004, it more than trebled its output. UK-China collaboration is on the rise, but despite these positive signs, there is no room for complacency.
Demos and Evidence Ltd
produced this short report as part of an 18-month project The Atlas of Ideas: China, India, Korea and the new geography of science